Health

The Terror Of Swine Flu

March 31, 2015

Hello my beautiful people. Hope you all are enjoying the twists and turns of the climate. Well I know most of you are not, neither am I. This is the favourite time of the nasty flu viruses and trust me, this time they are affecting more and more people. Either our immunities are getting weaker or these viruses are getting stronger, or both !

Recently I visited one of my brother’s attachments where there were more than 1000 students who were tensed about being a victim of the flu. They even have their exams coming so don’t exactly know if they are anxious about the exams or about the flu?

(I would always be anxious about the first one though)

Okay, getting serious now and talking about Swine Flu!

H1N1_PC_Virus2

Swine Flu or H1N1 flu is said to be affecting and spreading among the masses rapidly. What’s making the situation more panicky is that people are not aware of the difference between flu and swine flu.

The presentation of all types of flu revolve around the same symptoms, so today I will help you understand swine flu better.

The H1N1 virus causes swine flu. Earlier it was believed to be originated from pigs, as people who were more in contact with pigs were supposed to be presenting with the symptoms of the flu. However, now the situation has changed, as people are presenting with this flu irrespective of their exposure to pigs.

In 2009 swine flu had created a stir and was declared as a pandemic disease, while still cases of swine flu are being recorded in the country, making it a matter of concern once again!

To make it easier to understand, lets break it down

Cause of swine flu :

Being Contagious in nature, it spreads easily through air. So cause can be by getting in contact with a person already having swine flu (detected or not), through cough, sneeze, perspiration or any other discharge of the person.

Other than this, people having frequent exposure to pigs and poultry are also said to have higher chances of getting affected by the same.

Symptoms of swine flu:

  • Fever with or without chills
  • Cough
  • Nose block
  • Pain in throat/ sore throat
  • Fatigue/ lethargy
  • Pain all over the body
  • Headache
  • Vomiting
  • Nausea
  • Abdominal pain or discomfort
  • Diarrhoea

In infants these symptoms can be along with loss of appetite, paleness of the skin, irritability, loss if thirst, signs of dehydration

Difference between Seasonal flu and Swine flu:

While I feel people encounter a lot of seasonal flu too during this time, they get confused and label themselves of having swine flu.

As I said earlier, all types of flu revolve around the same symptoms , swine flu comes with a lot of respiratory (upper and lower) as well as abdominal complaints.

Duration of the disease:

The duration can be of 7 days in a person having Swine flu and can be as much as 10 days in children.

Complication:

Respiratory complications like pneumonia, asthma , dehydration leading to shock, electrolyte imbalance and sometimes even kidney failure.

Treatment:

While people started talking self medication (I would call it The Tamiflu addiction) even years back, I would suggest not to do so.

Please do not even take medicines over the counter. The best would be visiting your doctor.

Remember that Swine Flu is caused by a virus and not a bacteria, so it won’t react to Antibiotics.

Prevention:

  • Being a contagious disease, the best way of prevention would be maintain hygiene and sanitation.
  • Avoid crowded places.
  • Cover your nose and mouth with the help of a mask., this will reduce the chances of getting in contact with droplets of sneeze and cough.
  • Use a hand sanitizer as often as possible. Preferably before every meal and every time traveling by public transport.
  • Avoid being empty stomach.
  • Increase your water intake and don’t let yourself get dehydrated.
  • To be safest please report to your doctor as soon as you see any of the above symptoms.
  • Vaccines for swine flu are also available which you can inquire about from your physician.

 

So don’t panic, these are the basic things that you need to know about swine flu.

Take care all you lovely people and be safe.

 

Image source: Google